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Environmental impacts of the fruit industry

Nachricht hinterlassen von Cynthia Smith Tuesday, 18th October 2016

Is it justified to allocate an orchard designated as "integrated" a rating of "environmentally sound"?

Nachricht hinterlassen von Andrew Bone Wednesday, 19th October 2016

In order to answer this question, empirical investigations are designed to allow for comparisons across-the-board of different fruit orchard system. In addition to agrarian ecological investigations, a high priority has been given to considerations of social compatibility.

The analysis of the biotope structure of the three investigated fruit cultivation methods results in a clearly differentiated ranking of the structural and species diversity. For nearly all of the tested criteria, dispersed tree orchards have the highest values, while the integrated low-stem orchards achieve the lowest values.

Two conclusions are clear:

  1. Integrated production is neither environmentally friendly nor beneficial in comparison to the two other methods studied)
  2. Ecological fruit cultivation in low-stem orchards - compared to the dispersed tree orchard - has only limited compatibility with nature.

The situation in Germany is still serious. The loss of biodiversity in agricultural land continues unabated, while at the same time the contamination of food with pesticide continues to increase.

Greenpeace in southwest Germany have put forward claims that a trade in pesticides not permitted in Germany exists.

The latest EU Pesticide Report reveals that in Germany 62% of fruit and vegetables sold in Germany are contaminated with pesticides.

With this new edition, I would like to see the widest possible dissemination of my research results as well as an intensive and constructive examination of the content of the work.

We are still a long way away from attaining a sustainable land use and a type of fruit cultivation that is both friendly to nature and socially acceptable. Biodiversity, plant protection intensity, residue-free fruit and acceptable production costs are the incorruptible indicators and measured variables. Above all, future allocations, labelling and promotion should focus on them.

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