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Definition von Nachhaltigkeit

Nachricht hinterlassen von Andrew Bone Wednesday, 5th October 2016

Definition von Nachhaltigkeit

Nachricht hinterlassen von Andrew Bone Monday, 24th October 2016

Die 1987 Brundtland-Bericht (WCED, Unsere gemeinsame Zukunft) ist vielleicht für seinen frühen Gebrauch des Begriffs nachhaltige Entwicklung am besten bekannt.In seinem einleitenden Kapitel "From One Earth to One World: an Overview by the OECD" (Von einer Erde zu einer Welt: ein Überblick von der OECD", gibt der Bericht eine populäre Definition der nachhaltigen Entwicklung an:

Sustainable Development

27. Humanity has the ability to make development sustainable to ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The concept of sustainable development does imply limits - not absolute limits but limitations imposed by the present state of technology and social organization on environmental resources and by the ability of the biosphere to absorb the effects of human activities. But technology and social organization can be both managed and improved to make way for a new era of economic growth. The Commission believes that widespread poverty is no longer inevitable. Poverty is not only an evil in itself, but sustainable development requires meeting the basic needs of all and extending to all the opportunity to fulfil their aspirations for a better life. A world in which poverty is endemic will always be prone to ecological and other catastrophes.

28. Meeting essential needs requires not only a new era of economic growth for nations in which the majority are poor, but an assurance that those poor get their fair share of the resources required to sustain that growth. Such equity would be aided by political systems that secure effective citizen participation in decision making and by greater democracy in international decision making.

29. Sustainable global development requires that those who are more affluent adopt life-styles within the planet's ecological means - in their use of energy, for example. Further, rapidly growing populations can increase the pressure on resources and slow any rise in living standards; thus sustainable development can only be pursued if population size and growth are in harmony with the changing productive potential of the ecosystem.

30. Yet in the end, sustainable development is not a fixed state of harmony, but rather a process of change in which the exploitation of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological development, and institutional change are made consistent with future as well as present needs. We do not pretend that the process is easy or straightforward. Painful choices have to be made. Thus, in the final analysis, sustainable development must rest on political will.

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