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Dictionary

ISO 14001 Standard

ISO 14'001 is the core standard of the 14000 family of standards, with the purpose of improving and maintaining effective environmental management systems in organisations.

In 1992, the British Standards Institute (BSI Group) published the BS 7750, an environmental management systems standard. This was a world first, and when ISO wanted to develop a similar standard in 1996, they based it on the British model. Currently, a quarter of a million organisations in at least 160 countries utilise the ISO 14000 series.

This includes the majority of major organisations in the more developed countries, as well as many small-to-medium sized enterprises. In Europe, all organisations applying EMAS automatically meet the requirements of ISO 14001 for their environmental management system.

The aim is to aid operations and organizations to minimise their impacts on the environment, and to comply to applicable laws and other external requirements. The policy is not to set an absolute fixed standard, but to allow for a process of continuous review and application of techniques available, so that continuous improvement is the result.

For this purpose, the terms BAT (Best Available Technology) and BATNEEC (Best Available Technology Not Entailing Excessive Cost) find application.

International Standards Organisation ISO

ISO is the International Organisation for Standardization. Although the name is often taken by English-speakers to be an acronym (International Standards Organization), officially it is not an acronym, but derived from the Greek word isos, (equal). Hence, the title ISO is used by other languages, such as French, which otherwise would use Organisation internationale de normalisation, leading to a plethora of acronyms.

Although the name, ISO, is often taken by English-speakers to be an acronym (International Standards Organization), officially it is not an acronym, but derived from the Greek word isos, (equal). Hence, the title ISO is used by other languages, such as French, which otherwise would use Organisation internationale de normalisation, leading to a plethora of acronyms.

ISO is an international organization which establishes standards for the world. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, and is currently active in 164 countries. ISO, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), together form the WSC (World Standards Cooperation).