Disabled Javascript!  

Science Library.info

 You are reading this message because you have attempted to access a page on www.umwelt.science which requires Javascript to be enabled.

Javascript is an essential tool for much functionality on the internet, and is perfectly safe to use, since modern browsers prevent abusive use. If you have it disabled, you will not be able to run any interactive software.

You can enable it from the menubar of your browser, following these instructions: Instructions for enabling Javascript on different Browsers


German Environmental Organisations

Germany is a world leader in environmental policy and activism. Here are just a few of the key organisations dedicated to defending our planet.

The Federal Republic of Germany is a party democracy, with national-level parties covering the full spectrum of political views and interests. To date there have been 18 German assemblies, with the 18th in force since 22 October 2013.

The federal level parties of Germany are:

  • CDU Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
  • Christian Democrats. In current coalition government with 311 seats, 49.3%. Broad spectrum politics, christian, social, and conservative/liberal. 5 of the 8 federal chancellors since 1945 have been from the CDU. The current Bundeskanzlerin, Angela Merkel (2005-), is the leader of the CDU Party, governing in coalition with the SPD and CSU (Bavaria's Christian-Social Union).

  • SPD Sozialdemokratischen Partei Deutschlands
  • Social-Democratic Party, 193 seats, 30.6%. the oldest German party still in existence (since 1863). The SPD has had three chancellors: Willy Brandt (1969-74), Helmut Schmidt (1974-82) and Gerhard Schröder (1998-2005).

  • Die Linke
  • "The Lefts". 64 seats, 10.1%. Created in 2007 from a fusion of the PDS and WASG. There are suggestions that the party harbours elements with extreme left views, including antisemitic and communistic tendencies, including the Kommunistische Plattform (KPF).

  • Bündnis 90 die Grünen
  • (Green/Alliance 90) 63 seats, 10.0%. Began in 1980 as the Greens (Grünen). In 1990 they joined with the East-German Greens and in 1993 with Bündnis 90 (Alliance 90) zu Bündnis 90/Die Grünen.

  • AfD Alternative für Deutschland
  • "Alternative for Germany". The xenophobic party and anti-Europe, founded in 2013. Seen as racist and extreme right. Present in the European Parliament and in 10 of the 16 Landesparlamente.