Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a formal procedure for extending benefit-cost analyses to include the broader issues of environmental, social, resource and energy impacts and benefits of a project.
The International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA) defines EIA as 'The process of identifying, predicting, evaluating and mitigating the biophysical, social, and other relevant effects of development proposals prior to major decisions being taken and commitments made.'
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) came into force on January 1, 1970. This date is often taken as the beginning of the modern environmental movement.
The EA precedes the EIS, and determines whether there is sufficient concern for an EIS to be made.
- Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters, Aarhus, 1998
- Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context, Espoo, 1991
Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfbericht UVB = environmental impact statement EIS
Auch Umweltverträglichkeitsgutachten = environmental impact statement EIS
Umweltverträglichkeitsprüfung UVP = environmental impact assessment EIA