Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
[Environment] EIA European Union's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
EMAS is a voluntary instrument for environmental management for companies and bodies in the EU. It provides private and public sector organizations with the means to assess, manage and operate a system with continuous improvement of their environmental performance.
The EMAS regulations meet the requirements of ISO 14001, the international environmental management standard, plus some additional requirements, including the publication of an Environmental Statement (ES).
German EMAS Advisory Board
The German EMAS Advisory Board is an independent committee to the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
As a multi-stakeholder forum, the German EMAS Advisory Board brings the various interest groups in environmental management together, and is actively engaged in the implementation and dissemination of the European Union's Eco-Management and Audit Scheme, EMAS. Tasks, composition and powers of the UGA are regulated by the Environmental Audit Act: Umweltauditgesetz - UAG (German).
Official Website: http://www.uga.de/
Best Available Technology
Best Available Technology (BAT)
Often used in relation to environmental management systems, such as EMAS and ISO 14'000, which are designed to continually improve the environmental performance of an organization.
Instead of specifying a specific technique for minimising pollution, the environmental management system allows for future changes, taking advantage of improvements in BAT.
Best Available Technology Not Entailing Excessive Costs
Best Available Technology Not Entailing Excessive Costs (BATNEEC).
A variation of BAT (Best Available Technology), often used in environmental management systems, which attempts to create a path of continuous improvement in an organization's environmental performance, using improved technical techniques, while taking into account the economic factors involved.
An EMAS auditor is a person who conducts an official assessment of an organisation's EMS.
‘Auditor’ means an individual or group of individuals, belonging to an organisation itself or a natural or legal person external to that organisation, acting on behalf of that organisation, carrying out an assessment of, in particular, the environmental management system in place and determining conformity with the organisation’s environmental policy and programme, including compliance with the applicable legal requirements relating to the environment.
EMAS and ISO 14001
The EU only Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) uses the standards as laid out in ISO 14001 as integral part of its standard specifications. EMAS goes beyond ISO 14001 in areas such as performance improvement, legal compliance and obligation to report and inform.
With ISO 14001 there is no requirement for an environmental audit. There are procedures for identifying environmental factors. The focus of ISO 14001 is improvement of the management system, and for EMAS the focus is continuous improvement of environmental performance.
Both EMAS and ISO 14001 have obligations to meet and maintain relevant laws and regulations, but EMAS alone stipulates the process of verification through an independent external environmental auditor.
ISO 14001 requires its environmental policies to be accessible to the public, while EMAS promotes open dialogue between external stakeholders.
ISO promotes training for staff, and EMAS promotes active participation of all staff at every level, as well as representatives.
ISO 14001 provides for an internal audit of its management system, and EMAS lays down a fixed method for internal verification of its operations (management system, performance and compliance).
In EMAS, an accredited environmental auditor validates the environmental declaraton and verifies the implementation of the management system. With ISO 14001 the certification occurs according to the ISO standards.
In the EMAS procedure, each organisation is listed with a unique reistration number in a registry open to the public. The registration process is done with participation of the environmental authorities. With ISO, there is neither a public registry nor participation by environmental authorities.
EMAS has its own logo, but ISO does not.