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Great Scientists

Edwin Chadwick

1800 - 1890

Sir Edwin Chadwick

Sir Edwin Chadwick was an English social reformer who was instrumental in bringing about reform in Britain, particularly with regards sanitation and public health.

  • Nationality
  • English

  • Subject
  • Environment

  • Fields
  • Social reform, public health, sanitation

  • Distinctions
  • The head office of the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, CIEH, Waterloo, London, is in Chadwick Court.

    Knighthood in 1889.

  • Posts
  • Appointed by the Royal Commission to investigate on the operation of the Poor Laws.

    Commissioner of the Metropolitan Commission of Sewers in London, 1848-9.

    Commissioner of the General Board of Health, 1848 - 1854.

    First president of the Association of Public Sanitary Inspectors (now the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, CIEH), 1884.

  • Publications
  • Royal Commission Report, 1834, recommendations on reforms to the Poor Law.

    The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population, 1842.

Edwin Chadwick made significant contributions to the Public Health Act 1848. He held several key administration posts during the years of reform from 1840s to 1880s, never tiring of his efforts to improve the conditions for the poor.

His 1842-3 reports The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population, were influential in securing the passage of the first legislation aimed at waste clearance and disposal.